Hayes v. Florida Case Brief
United States Supreme Court
470 U.S. 811 (1985)
ISSUE: May the police take a suspect to the police station for the purpose of fingerprinting the individual if they do not have PC to make an arrest but they do have reasonable suspicion?
- A string of burglary-rapes had occurred in a particular city, and police had recovered fingerprints from a doorknob in one of the victims' houses
- Police suspected D of the crimes, so they went to his house and when he refused to voluntarily go to the station, the police told him that they'd arrest him if he didn't go
- D went to the police station, was fingerprinted, and his prints matched those found at the scene of the crime
- Trial Ct. denied motion to suppress
- Davis v. Mississippi: An individual's detention for the purpose of fingerprinting was subject to the constraints of the 4th Amdt. and exceeded the permissible scope under Terry
- Dunaway v. New York: Transportation to and investigative detention at the police station without PC or judicial authorization together violate the 4th Amdt.
- Line crossed: A line is crossed when the police, without PC or a warrant, forcibly remove a person from his home or other place in which he is entitled to be and transport him to the police station where he is detained, although briefly, for investigative purposes
- Brief detention in the field for fingerprinting is not necessarily impermissible under the 4th Amdt. so long as there's reasonable suspicion